Analysis for oil is a routine maintenance process that provides accurate and meaningful information on lubricant and machine condition. This procedure is a laboratory test for oil quality and is a key component of predictive maintenance. The purpose of oil analysis is to ensure that the lubricant is working as intended and is free of contaminants.
The analysis of oil includes different tests that measure various parameters. For example, elemental analysis can provide information on the content of a certain component, and viscosity can help determine the amount of acid or base content. The test results can also be used to establish a baseline for the viscosity of a sample.
The analysis process costs a lot of money, and the labs that perform this service are equipped with expensive equipment. Most industrial plants pay a commercial laboratory to do this work. But unfortunately, the majority of plant personnel are not knowledgeable about the basics of oil analysis. Regardless of the laboratory you choose, make sure you understand the information provided in the report. It should provide the type of oil, machine type, and reference data as well as trend data. Trend data should be readily understood and interpreted to identify causes of the problem.
Crude oil analysis focuses on the physical and chemical properties of oil. The results are derived from a variety of methods, from manual methods to automated technologies. The most common technique for oil analysis is Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) spectroscopy, which detects elements in the oil. The results are reported in parts per million (ppm) and milligrams per kilogram (mg/kg). An alternative elemental analysis technique is the X-Ray Fluorescence (XRF). This method is particularly useful in samples contaminated with water.
Oil analysis is a vital component of vehicle maintenance. It can reveal problems and provide early warning signs that prevent costly downtime. Studies have shown that about 70 percent of all equipment failures are related to contaminated oil. Oil analysis is a cheap, effective, and easy-to-implement way to monitor contamination proactively.
Optical spectroscopy is another method used for identifying elements in oil samples. This method uses high-tech equipment that is highly sensitive and cost-effective. It works by using a high-temperature electric arc between two electrodes. The sample is then placed in a gap between the electrodes. The high temperature of the arc vaporizes a portion of the oil sample. The resulting plasma contains all of the elements that are present in the sample.
Another method is to measure internal friction, or the resistance of oil to movement. It is one of the most important physical properties of oil analysis, and the results of the analysis can predict how the oil will behave in any given application. This test is performed using a variety of methods published by the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO). In all cases, all methods use a benchmark temperature of 40 degC. You should carefully select an oil based on its viscosity level.
Oil analysis is an important part of oil maintenance. It allows you to evaluate the condition of machinery and oil and determine the best course of action to maintain equipment productivity. It helps you minimize risks and control costs. It also helps you determine supply contracts, and provides accurate data for the oil market. This type of testing is essential in many industrial settings and can lead to significant return on investment for companies that use oil.
Another way to analyze the condition of machines is through wear particle analysis. A wear particle analysis will identify particles that have accumulated in the lubricant of a machine. These particles are indicative of five basic types of wear. These include rubbing wear, cutting wear, and severe sliding wear. The wear particles that are found in the oil are typically less than 15 microns in size. This allows you to plan maintenance more efficiently and minimize costly and unplanned downtime.